Lumber Loads

IMG_4123

This page details how I construct custom flatcar lumber loads for my model railway. While significantly more work than a pre-made molded and painted or printed resin or plastic load, the result is a more realistic looking three dimensional load with actual spacers and gaps between rows and strapping. It also avoids the cookie cutter look by making every load a little unique from each other by varying the exact combination of bundle sizes and the locations of any gaps or spaces in the rows. It also means I’m not limited to whatever larger lumber companies are featured on commercially available lumber loads, and I have lumber graphics specific to the smaller mills that were actually served by my railway.

Printable graphics for several different lumber companies are provided at the bottom of this page, below the instructions. Feel free to print these and use them to create your own loads. (In fact if you do, I’d love to see them!) There’s also a blank template for which you can create your own graphics or download company logos from online to make your own variations.

The general technique can also be adjusted with different size blocks to model wrapped engineered joist and drywall loads.

Instructions

Wood blocks:IMG_4404

  1. Choose a nice, piece of wood, preferably a good quality scrap of pine, with no warps and square edges.
  2. Rip into strips on a table saw or band saw 4 scale feet (13mm for HO scale) by 2 1/2 scale feet tall (8.5mm for HO) for standard size bundles. (Fits four rows to a car.)
    Some bundles are wrapped to 2′ (5 rows) and 3 1/2′ (3 rows) heights.
  3. Cut the strips into blocks matching the bundle lengths.*
  4. Sand any burrs and splinters from the edges.

*Real sizes for scale bundles:

Dimension N HO O
(Height) 2′ 3.5mm 7mm 12.5mm
(Height) 2.5′ 4.5mm 8.5mm 16mm
(Height) 3.5′ 6.5mm 12mm 22mm
(Width) 4′ 7.5mm 14mm 25mm
(Length) 8′ 15mm 28mm 50.5mm
(Length) 10′ 19mm 35mm 63mm
(Length) 12′ 22.5mm 42mm 76mm
(Length) 16′ 30mm 56mm

Paper wraps:IMG_4406

  1. Print out the selected graphics file on regular white paper.
  2. The printed graphics show black marks at each end; use this as a guide to cut out the graphics into strips using a sharp hobby knife and straightedge
  3. Cut the strips to length with a small square to wrap the various sized blocks.
    1. 8′ (HO: 44 mm)
    2. 10′ (HO: 51 mm)
    3. 12′ (HO: 58 mm)
    4. 16′ (HO: 72 mm)

Bundles:IMG_4409

  1. Apply glue to the back (un-printed) side of the paper wrap using a standard craft glue stick.
  2. Center a wood block of the matching size on the edge of the long side of the paper and press down.
  3. Fold the wrap over the long sides of the block, making sure it glues down securely. Use your fingers to get a sharp crease in the corner of the paper that extends out past the end of the block.
  4. Using a sharp hobby knife, cut along the inside of the folded corner beyond to separate the sides and top of the overhanging wrap into separate flaps.
  5. Fold the side flaps in first. (Re-apply glue if necessary.)
  6. Fold down the top flap over the end. (Re-apply glue if necessary.)
  7. If the paper wrap extends below the bottom surface of the block, trim flush with sharp knife to complete.

Assembling the loads:IMG_4123 (2)

Note: Spend some time studying older photos of lumber loads on standard flatcars or this actual Conrail reference guide to see how the bundles are staggered and strapped together. In the model world, the load is all glued together, but in the real world it’s all held together with strapping, so the bundles are staggered so that bundles beside each other are connected by being strapped to the one above or below in order to unitize the load. At minimum, each end of any bundle should be strapped to one above or below it.
For modern centre-beam cars, the central truss structure and ratchet & cable tie downs standard to the car means the bundles can be stacked and secured with no staggering, although some staggering may still occur when different lengths of lumber are included in the same load.

  1. Cut the bearing pieces for the bottom of the load, short spacers for between the rows and longer ones for between the halves of the stack from scale strip wood. I used 2×6 strip wood for my spacers, but mills might use various stud sizes from 2x4s to 4x4s. The diagrams in the Conrail reference guide linked above show either 2×4 or 2×6 pieces as standard to use for these spacers.
    The bearing pieces (bottom spacers) should be the width of the car. Short spacers between levels can be just the width of the lumber bundle. The vertical stabilizers/spacers should be about 10 1/2 scale feet, or a little taller than the stack of bundles.
  2. Glue the small spacers to the bottoms of the lumber bundles with white glue, except for the bottom row which should rest on the longer bearing pieces.
  3. Assemble the bottom row by gluing bundles together end to end. Use glue sparingly. Make sure the row stays straight.
    (Assembly of the bundles may be done on the car in question to ensure a good fit. Avoid glue drops or place a piece of waxed paper on the flatcar deck to protect. Don’t glue bundles directly to the car – the load will be removable when done.)
  4. Assemble the second, third and fourth rows as above, gluing them to the top of the lower row. You may assemble each side independently, or at the same time, gluing the bundles to the vertical centre spacers.
  5. Let the glue dry before moving to the last step.
  6. The strapping on the model load is represented with 1/64″ wide black Chartpak graphics tape (obtained online from an art/graphics supply store), which actually roughly scales out to about 1.5″ wide, not too oversize. I applied this after the load was assembled and glued together using tweezers and a pin to insert the tape in between the layers. Apply a drop of glue with a pin or thin toothpick in a hidden place if necessary to secure the tape, so the natural adhesive doesn’t loosen.
  7. Add the guide rails along the sides of the loads; these should be out of 2×6″ stripwood and will be glued to the tops of the extensions of the bearing pieces that stick out beyond the sides of the bundles. Add short retainer stakes to several of the side pockets.

Related Blog Posts

Printable Lumber Wrap Graphics

Unless specifically stated, all graphics are sized for printing for HO scale standard size 2 1/2′ tall bundles although you can play around with your own graphics and logos to print out wraps for larger or smaller bundles. To ensure that the graphics are printed the correct size, make sure the “Print Actual Size” option is selected in the printing options. (Note – The PDF viewer built into Edge on Windows 10 doesn’t have the “Print actual-size” option and will always shrink to fit. The alternative Reader app also has the same problem.  If you’re on Windows 10, either use the Excel spreadsheet files, or download and install the actual Adobe Acrobat Reader application (free), so you have full control over scaling when printing.)

Note: I’ve noticed some possible issues with Internet Explorer trying to download the XLSX links off the site. Not sure why, since it’s just a link to an Excel file and Microsoft’s own browser should understand that. If you do get a page of gibberish opened up in your browser when clicking on one of those links, right click on the link and “Save As” or try an alternate browser like Chrome or FireFox.

Dates in the listings below preceded with ‘~’ may be approximated based on photographic sightings, and may be applicable for a larger date range than stated.

Blank Excel Templates

Make your own wraps for freelance names and logos or other companies not provided here using these blank templates.

HO Scale

XLSX (HO scale 2’0″ bundle height – 5 rows loaded on flatcar)
XLSX
 (HO scale 2’6″ bundle height – 4 rows – most common)
XLSX (HO scale 3’6″ bundle height – 3 rows)

O Scale

XLSX (O scale 2’6″ bundle height)

N Scale

XLSX (N scale 2’6″ bundle height – 4 rows)
XLSX (N scale 3’6″ bundle height – 3 rows)

Company Graphics By Region

Gaspé & Maritimes

Gaspe region and atlantic provinces.

Cedrico Lumber (Price, QC) – ~2011-2019
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

Cedrico Lumber (Price, QC) – ~2020
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

Fornebu Lumber (Bathurst, NB) – ~2013
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX – Prototype

Fornebu Lumber (Bathurst, NB) – ~2019
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX – Prototype

Irving – ~1999-2004
[HO 2’6″] PDF Prototype
(Artwork file courtesy Andrew Castle)

Temrex (Nouvelle, QC) – 2009-Present
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype – Model (Taylor Main)

Twin Rivers (Plaster Rock, NB) – ~2011-2012
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

North-East Quebec

St. Lawrence north shore east of Quebec City.

Boisaco (Sacre-Coeur, QC) – ~2015
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Donohue Inc. – ~1991 (to Abitibi-Consolidated in 2000)
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype – Model (Matthieu Lachance)

Uniforêt (Port Cartier, QC) – ~2004
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

Southern Quebec

Montreal-Quebec City and south of St. Lawrence River.

ARBEC – 2015+
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Clermond Hamel (Saint-Ephrem-de-Beauce, QC) – ~20xx?
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX – Prototype

Clermond Hamel – ~2014
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX – Prototype

Clermond Hamel (125th Anniversary) – 2015
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX – Prototype

Matériaux Blanchet (Saint-Pamphile, QC) – ~2015
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

Portbec Forest Products (Quebec, QC) – ~2015
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

Northern Ontario & North-West Quebec

Northern Ontario and Abitibi-Temiscaming region.

Chantier Chibougamau (Chibougamau, QC) – ~2013-2017
[HO 3’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

Domtar – ~1991
[HO 3’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype
[N 3’6″] PDF | XLSX

Domtar – ~2000-2010 (sold sawmills to EACOM in 2010)
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype
[HO 3’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Dubreuil Forest Products (Dubreuilville, ON) – ~1989-1995
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX – Prototype

Dubreuil Forest Products (Dubreuilville, ON) – ~1997-2007 (closed 2007)
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

EACOM – ~2011-Present
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

E.B. Eddy Forest Products – ~1980s-1990s (to Domtar in 1998)
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype – Model (CV)
[O 2’6″] PDF | XLSX

Forex (Mont-Laurier, QC) – ~2019
[HO 2’6″]  PDF | XLSX – Prototype
[O 2’6″] PDF | XLSX

Kirkland Lake Forest Products (Kirkland Lake, ON) – ~2017
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXProtoype

Lecours Lumber (Calstock, ON) – ~1999
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype – Model (CV)

Lecours Lumber (Calstock, ON) – ~2013
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

Longlac Lumber Inc. (Longlac, ON) – 2015-Present
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

Malette Timber (Hearst, ON) – 1989-1997 (now Tembec)
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Nakina Forest Products (Nakina, ON) – ~2004 (closed 2008)
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

Nakina Lumber Inc. (Nakina, ON) – 2018-Present
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

Newaygo Forest Products (Mead, ON) – 1974-1984 (closed 1985)
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX – Prototype – Model (CV)
[O 2’6″] PDF | XLSX
[N 2’6″] PDF | XLSX

Normick Perron (Amos, Senneterre, QC) – ~1994
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype – Model (CV)

Olav Haavaldsrud (Hornepayne, ON) – ~2015
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX – Prototype

Rayonier Advanced Materials – RYAM – 2018-present (was Tembec)
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype
[O 2’6″] PDF | XLSX
[N 2’6″] PDF | XLSX

Scierie Landrienne Inc. (Landrienne, QC) – ~2013
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Scierie Landrienne Inc. (Landrienne, QC) – 2015-present
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Tembec – ~2000-2012
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

Tembec – 2012-2017 (to Rayonier Advanced Materials 2017)
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype
[O 2’6″] PDF | XLSX 

White River Forest Products (White River, ON) – ~2017
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Manitoba & Saskatchewan

Edgewood Forest Products (Carrot River, SK) – 2012-Present
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

Alberta & British Columbia

Aspen Planers (blue logo) (Merritt, BC) – ~2007
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

Aspen Planers (red logo) (Merritt, BC)
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX – Prototype

Babine Forest Products (Burns Lake, BC) – ~1990-Present
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Canadian Forest Products (CANFOR) – ~1990
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype – Model (Craig “BNML2″)
[O 2’6”] PDF | XLSX
[N 2’6″] PDF | XLSX

Canadian Forest Products (CANFOR) – ~2003-2006
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype
[O 2’6″] PDF | XLSX

Canadian Forest Products (CANFOR) – ~2010-Present
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Canadian Forest Products (CANFOR) Red – ~2015-Present
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype
[O 2’6″] PDF | XLSX

Carrier Lumber (Prince George, BC) – ~2013
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Conifex Timber (Fort St. James/Mackenzie, BC) – ~2014
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

Decker Lake (Burns Lake, BC) – ~1995
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Decker Lake (Burns Lake, BC) – ~2005-2012
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Dunkley Lumber Ltd. (Hixon, BC) – ~2003-2012
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Finlay Forest Industries (Mackenzie, BC) – ~1980
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX – Prototype

Finlay Forest Industries (Mackenzie, BC) – ~1990 (to Abitibi-Consolidated in 2000)
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Finlay Premium (Mackenzie, BC) – ~1996 (to Abitibi-Consolidated in 2000)
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Foothills Forest Products (Grande Cache, AB) – ~2016
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

International Forest Products (INTERFOR) #1 – 2011-Present
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

International Forest Products (INTERFOR) #2 – 2011-Present
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

Nechako Lumber (Vanderhoof, BC) – ~2010
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

parallel55 (Prince George, BC) – ~2004
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Riverside-TOLKO (Kelowna, BC) – ~2005-2015
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype
[HO 3’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Skeena Sawmills (Terrace, BC) – 2013-Present
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

Slocan Group (Quesnel, BC) – ~1990
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype – Model (Craig “BNML2″)

Slocan Group (Vanderhoof, BC) – ~2004 (to CANFOR in 2005)
[HO 2’6”] PDF | XLSXPrototype
[O 2’6″] PDF | XLSX

Stuart Lake Lumber (Fort St. James, BC) – ~1980s
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype
(With assistance from A.J. Shewan)

Stuart Lake Lumber (Fort St. James, BC) – ~1996-2004 (closed 2007)
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

TOLKO – ~1990
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

TOLKO – ~2005-2015
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

West Fraser – ~1974
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

West Fraser – ~1986
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX – Prototype

West Fraser – ~2004-Present
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Westar Timber (Watson Island, BC) – ~1986
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX – Prototype

Country-Wide & International

Larger companies operating in multiple provinces or cross border.

Abitibi Bowater – 2007-2011 (renamed Resolute Forest Products in 2011)
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

Abitibi-Consolidated – 1997-2007 (to Abitibi-Bowater, 2007)
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Abitibi-Consolidated (Finlay Premium) – 2000-2007
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Canadian Wood Products
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX – Prototype

iLevel Lumber (Weyerhauser) – ~2009
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

Kruger – ~2005
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

MacMillan Bloedel – ~1995
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Resolute Forest Products – 2011-2017 (was Abitibi-Bowater)
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX – Prototype

Resolute Forest Products – 2017+ (was Abitibi-Bowater)
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX – Prototype

Weyerhaeuser ‘Shed-Pak’ – ~1972
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Weyerhaeuser Building Products – ~1976-1985
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype – Model (CV)
[O 2’6″] PDF | XLSX

Weyerhaeuser Lumber – ~1985
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype – Model (Craig “BNML2″)
[O 2’6”] PDF | XLSX

Weyerhaeuser Lumber – ~2004-Present
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype – Model (Tim Nicholson)
[O 2’6″] PDF | XLSX

United States (West)

American lumber companies.

Clearwater Paper – ~2011
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

Idaho Forest Group – ~2014
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSX Prototype

Potlatch – ~2005-2017
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

Simpson Lumber Co. – ~2005-2012
[HO 2’6″] PDF | XLSXPrototype

30 thoughts on “Lumber Loads

  1. Hi Chris
    Have you thought of using magnets embedded in the bottom lumber load to hold the load to the car, but make it removable during an operating session? Seems doable to me.
    Regards
    Blair
    (Good news – up to my ears in a new house, complete with big train room and thick roof for Rasa. Bad news – so much to be done to finish new house and liquidate old holdings that I’ll be another year before I catch my breath. Oh well! We’ll be down in March for the double header tour, unless we make it before then)

    • I haven’t found that necessary so far, but there’s some pretty small rare earth magnets you can get, and it should be pretty easy to drill a hole in the bottom of one of the lower blocks to glue in a magnet (probably using epoxy to make sure it stays in there).

      The loads are removable, and so far gravity/friction seems to do a fine job on a bulkhead flat.

  2. Chris,

    I have a flatcar load of lumber on CN Newfoundland. It came from the Mainland somewhere. It is not the greatest photo. If I send it to you, can you have a look to see if you recognize it? Most of the lumber shipped were stacked on flatcars with no covering.

    Thanks
    Andrew
    Sn42 CN Newfoundland

  3. Hi Chris awesome work you have done. I know you’re a 1:87 modeller but have you any advice for converting your graphics to 1:160 (N) ? I guess mainly for the wood blocks. I think the conversion for the wraps would be like 54% or something similar.

    Thanks in advance!

    Eric ??

    • Hi Eric, the prototype size of the bundles is generally 2’6″ high x 4′ wide x 8’/10’/12’/14’/16′ long. Measuring against my scale rule, that works out to an actual size of 0.175″ or 4.5mm high x 0.300″ or 7.6mm wide for N scale.

      The technique for making the graphics file is as follows:

      When laying out the template Excel file, you can size the row height to a specific printed height. Insert the image, resize so it fits the row height exactly, then adjust the column width so it fits exactly to the image. (Highlight multiple columns to resize them all the same at once – then insert/delete extra columns as necessary.) Then copy and paste to the other cells ad nauseum to tile the image. Then print out, cut, and glue as per the instructions at the top of this page.

    • I’m not sure *I* have that much modelling time either! 😉

      There’s a certain amount of effort involved, I think pre made would sell for a decent amount to make it worth while.

    • Philip
      Well, there are ‘fake’ loads, like the Walthers one for their Centerbeams:
      https://www.walthers.com/wrapped-lumber-load-for-walthersmainline-72-centerbeam-flatcar-weyerhaeuser
      but I doubt that’s what you’re looking for. Individually wrapped bundles, stacked, spaced, and fastened together? I can’t see that. It takes quite a bit of work to do enough for one of these cars. I spent most of a day sawing lumber to dimensions last month, and the yield was enough to do about 25 cars. I figure I can make those 25 loads in about another 3-4 days effort, maybe more. So if you work it out, that’s about an hour and a half per carload, maybe more. How much do you get paid per hour?

    • Hi Chris, I model 1983 on the SP in Oregon, and would love to have a few Weyerhaeuser wrapped loads on some bulkheads. I thoroughly understand the time and craftsmanship involved. Just was curious to know your thoughts and feelings, and level of interest in the project. Thanks for the time.

      Philip

  4. WOW! All l can say Chris is WOW! You have done the hobby an incredible service! l am modeling a BN branch line which did lumber loads from all over N.A. in the mid 80’s to mid 90’s in N scale. Cannot thank you enough. Gonna try printing ’em on white decal paper, see what happens. Not ready to work on ’em yet. Recognized quite a few of the logo’s from back then. Thanks again, Lord bless you for your hard work and generosity!!! J. Barrett

  5. Great website cant wait to start building ho lumber loads.do you have wrappers for osb a d plywood as wait a go guys this great.do I have to have windows 10 to do this?

  6. I have done several types of these loads and have found them to be tedious but very satisfying when finished. I construct mine the same way. I find that gluing the paper to the wood eliminates that “puffy” look that some modelers get. Gluing the stacks of wood together is also an excellent Idea. I have found that if you use poster putty (sort of a sticky Play Dough substance found at any craft store) it makes the loads removable from the car with no damage to loads or the car. I just bought two Exact Rail 67 foot bulkhead flats and am gonna do the same treatment to them. Your loss look great and thanks for the info and paper designs. Will send photos when finished.

  7. Thanks for doing the hard work and then making these available. During the the 2000’s I worked as a printing press operator for a company that made a lot of these lumber wraps. Kinda nostalgic, seeing these logos, they look great to me.

    Thanks again

  8. Hi somebody else gave me an idea. Ever thought about crates of snowmobiles or atv that are being shipped. Like Yamaha or Ski Doo

    • If it’s a simple box with printed graphics on it, you could do it with a similar technique. Obviously the sizes and graphics would be a bit different, but the execution could be similar.

  9. Chris: I am fairly new to the scratch build loads part of the hobby. I model in N-Scale and so much is related to HO. I have just read this article and it is very interesting and informative. You must have tons of experience in railroad modeling. Is there a conversion formula for reworking the HO stuff into N or are there files already out there where I can just insert the logo?

    P.S. I read your article on the pulpwood loads in the Feb 2020 MRH. I grew up in TImmins Ontario and saw plenty of these loads running on the ONR through Hoyle to Porquis Junction. Great work on the article and I am going to use your tips for my N-Scale ONR loads.

  10. These are great, just finished 2 bulkhead loads and 2 centrebeam loads, one of each for Irving and Twin Rivers. Thank you for creating them.

    I might even try to make one for a local mill that has closed, assuming I can find a sample of their wrapping.

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